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Thursday, October 18, 2018

Geek Trivia: What Famous Internet Worm Led To The First Federal Computer Crime Prosecution?

What Famous Internet Worm Led To The First Federal Computer Crime Prosecution?

  1. The Melissa Worm
  2. The ILOVEYOU Worm
  3. The Happy 99 Worm
  4. The Morris Worm

Think you know the answer?

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Windows 10’s Next Release Will Let You Uninstall More Built-in Apps

Windows 10’s next update, codenamed 19H1 and due for release sometime around April 2019, will let you uninstall more of Windows 10’s built-in apps with a few clicks. Don’t want 3D Viewer, Groove Music, or Paint 3D?  Uninstall them!

This feature was just added in build 18262 of the Windows Insider preview, available today for Windows Insiders in the fast ring. To uninstall one of these apps, you can soon just right-click its shortcut in your Start menu and select “Uninstall.” Here’s the full list of apps you’ll be able to remove, courtesy of Microsoft:

  • 3D Viewer (previously called Mixed Reality Viewer)
  • Calculator
  • Calendar
  • Groove Music
  • Mail
  • Movies & TV
  • Paint 3D
  • Snip & Sketch
  • Sticky Notes
  • Voice Recorder

You can already uninstall some apps in this way today. Here are the apps you can quickly uninstall right now if you’re using the October 2018 Update or an earlier version of Windows 10:

  • Microsoft Solitaire Collection
  • My Office
  • OneNote
  • Print 3D
  • Skype
  • Tips
  • Weather

After you’ve uninstalled a built-in app, you can always reinstall it from the Store if you want it back.

Windows 10 has always let you uninstall the apps that Microsoft “automatically installs” on your PC. You can uninstall apps like Bubble Witch 3 Saga, Candy Crush Soda Saga, and FarmVille 2: Country Escape right now by right-clicking them and selecting “Uninstall.”

With Windows 10’s next update, Microsoft is giving you more choice over which apps you want installed. Some apps, such as Camera, Microsoft Edge, and the Store, are still essential parts of Windows 10 and can’t be removed.

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Wednesday, October 17, 2018

US Users Can Now Download All Their Apple Account Data, Here’s How to Do It

Starting today, Apple is allowing all US users to download a copy of every last bit of their data from the company.

This feature has been available for EU users since May, thanks to new GDPR mandates, but now the company has extended this courtesy to American users as well. This means you can now, just like with Google and Facebook, request a copy of all the information Apple has on you, ranging from your purchasing activity to iCloud bookmarks, and even your Apple Care support history.

The privacy push is part of Apple’s new data-retention policies, which are meant to keep users safer than before, pushing two-factor authentication as another layer of protection, as well as offering the ability to opt out of Apple’s target ads and notifications. Grabbing a copy of your data is exceedingly useful as well, especially if you want to remain mindful of what you’re sharing with organizations such as this one. Here’s how you can grab yours.

First, head to Apple’s Data and Privacy page, and you’ll be prompted to log in with your Apple ID and password.

After you’ve logged in, you’ll be presented with a range of options. Choose “Get started” under “Get a copy of your data” section, as that’s why we’re here, after all. Note the “Sign Out” option is at the top right of the screen if you need to change accounts at any time.

Next, you’ll see a screen that says “Get a copy of your data.” From here, you can select which data you’d like included in your “package” of info. You can select from anything including your App Store, iTunes Store, iBooks Store, and Apple Music activity to your iCloud information by scrolling down the page and checking off individual tick boxes. If you want everything, click the “Select all” option and scroll down the bottom to click “Continue.”

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What Is an AZW File (And How Do I Open One)?

A file with the .azw file extension is a popular file format for storing eBooks for Amazon’s Kindle line of eReaders and devices using the Kindle app. Along with storing things like bookmarks, annotations, and last known page, AZW files usually contain DRM protection, or copyright protection, to prevent copying and illegal viewing.

What Is an AZW File?

AZW files first rolled out onto Kindle devices in 2007; it’s based on the MOBI file format that Amazon bought in 2005. Although AZW files are based on MOBI, they contain better compression than MOBI files and are usable on Amazon Kindles or a device with Kindle software.

Fourth generation and later Kindles use the AZW3 format, also called KF8, while seventh generation and later Kindles use KFX format.

RELATED: What Is a MOBI File (and How Do I Open One)?

How Do I Open One?

Since AZW files are designed for Kindle, the easiest way to open one is on a Kindle device or with the Kindle app on WindowsMac, iOS, or Android.

RELATED: Read Kindle Books On Your Computer with Kindle for PC

If you’re using Linux, you’ll have to turn to a third-party reader like Calibre. It’s an open-source app that offers enough versatility that you might even prefer using it on Windows and macOS, as well. Calibre can open AZW files, as well as many other formats.

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The Best Microwave Ovens For Meals Big And Small

Whether you’re just warming up some soup, popping some popcorn, baking a speedy mug cake, or microwaving an all-in-one meal in the microwave, we’ve got the perfect unit for you.

So, what do you need to look for in your future microwave? Well, you need to consider the size of it. Do you need a microwave oven for all the family or just you and your partner or roommate? Do you want a device that’s also a convection oven or is just a basic microwave oven? Whatever your needs, we have the microwave oven for you.

And don’t forget—if you want a microwave you can talk to, the AmazonBasics Microwave with Alexa support arrives in November. It even has an auto popcorn replenishment button via Amazon Dash, so you really don’t have to think too hard with this purchase.

For now though, let’s take a look at microwave ovens that are currently available to purchase.

Best All-Rounder: Toshiba Eco Mode Microwave Oven with Smart Sensor 1.2 cu.ft 1100W ($117)

For a general all-purpose, all-rounder microwave oven, you can’t really beat the Toshiba Eco Mode Microwave Oven with Smart Sensor 1.2 cu.ft 1100W. It has a large 1.2 cubic feet capacity so there’s plenty of room for whatever you cook. A 1100 watts power rating means there’s plenty of power and 10 power settings cater to cooking needs big and small.

A pre-programmed sensor menu is useful too, as it offers optimal heating of popular foods like pizza, potatoes, vegetables, and popcorn (of course). There’s 2 defrost settings too—a common use for the average microwave. You name it, the Toshiba microwave oven has it, richly earning its place as our best all-rounder.

Best For The Hands-Off Approach: Panasonic NN-SU696S Countertop Microwave Oven ($111)

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Hulu Now Has Dark Mode On The Web

“Dark Mode,” a catch-all term for replacing white backgrounds for black or dark grey and more neutral colors, is a godsend for people who spend a little too much time looking at screens. Hulu joins those ranks today.

The popular online streaming site now offers a dark mode option for users on the web. To enable it, just click the profile name in the upper right corner, then click the new “Night Mode” switch to “On.” You might not have the option immediately since Hulu seems to be rolling it out in batches, but all users should see it within a week or two at most.

This addition is for those on desktop web browsers. Hulu doesn’t offer a dark mode in its mobile or TV apps at the moment, but those are fairly neutral anyway, going with solid color backgrounds that shift based on the content.

Source: Hulu via MacRumors

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How to Color Correct and Color Grade in Final Cut Pro X

Color correction and color grading are the processes of adjusting the color of a video to achieve a more balanced or stylistic look. Final Cut Pro X makes this reasonably easy to do.

There are some differences between correction and grading. Color correction comes first and is where you correct over or undersaturated video to make the colors more uniform between clips. Color grading is used to give your footage a distinct look and adjust the overall mood of the clip. You’ll use the same tools for both techniques though, so the process is similar.

If you don’t have Final Cut, the same basic steps will apply to whatever editing program you are using, but the UI will look a little different.

The Basics

In Final Cut, you’ll perform color correction and grading through the Color Board, which is just an effect in Final Cut like any other. It’s so often used that Apple has given it a hotkey—Command+6. This technically opens the “Color Inspector” tool for any clip, but if you don’t have the color board effect already on your clip, Final Cut adds it automatically. Navigating Final Cut with hotkeys is much easier, and you can find a full list of them here. Alternatively, you could drag the effect on the clip and then click on it in the inspector.

Once you’ve got it pulled up, the first window you’ll see is the color tab. There are also tabs for saturation and exposure, and you can navigate between them with Control+Command+C, S, or E.

There are four sliders in each pane for master control, shadows, mid-tones, and highlights. Master control will change the look of the whole clip at once, and the other sliders will change the dark, gray, and light parts of the image individually.

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How To Choose How Much Mail Outlook Downloads to Your Computer

You might think that Outlook will display all of your mail (after all, why wouldn’t it) but by default, the Outlook client only keeps the last year of email on your computer. All of your mail still exists on the Microsoft Exchange server but it’s not visible on Outlook. Here’s why Microsoft sets this default and how to change it if you want.

Note: The following information covers all versions of Outlook from 2013-2019, including Outlook 365. It also only applies if you’re connecting to a Microsoft Exchange server, and that includes if you connect to Hotmail or Outlook.com. If you connect to another service, like Gmail or a personal mail server, you can configure these options, but Outlook will ignore them.

Why Doesn’t Outlook Show All of my Mail?

When you install Microsoft Office, it checks your disk size to make sure you have enough space to install all of the applications. It also uses that check to set a parameter in Outlook that determines how much mail will be downloaded to your local machine, based on the following disk sizes:

  • Less than or equal to 32 GB: Outlook retains one month of email on your system.
  • Between 32 and 64 GB (not inclusive): Outlook retains three months of email.
  • Equal to or greater than 64 GB: Outlook retains 12 months of email.

Microsoft does this because mail takes up space on your hard disk, and if you’ve only got a small hard disk, you probably don’t want much of it taken up with a few large files someone emailed you two years ago. Outlook still downloads all of your calendar appointments, contacts, tasks, and everything else. This limit only affects your mail (and your RSS feeds).

If your mail account uses a Microsoft Exchange server (like Hotmail, Microsoft Live, O365, or a lot of corporate mail systems), then this parameter will determine how much mail is downloaded to your computer. If you’re using a different mail provider, like Google or Yahoo, Outlook ignores this parameter and downloads all of your mail.

Where is My Mail and How Do I Access It?

The good news is that your mail hasn’t gone anywhere; it’s still on your email server. (If you’re not sure what an email server is, the short answer is that it’s a powerful computer with a large hard disk on which your email provider stores all of your mail. We’ve written a longer answer, which is worth reading.) You can access your mail at any time (as long as you have internet access) either through Outlook or, depending on your version of Outlook, through a web interface.

To see your mail in Outlook, scroll down to the bottom of the folder. If there are more emails on the email server, you’ll see a message letting you know.

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Taco Bell is Giving Away Xbox Ones That Make the “Bell” Sound When They Start Up

Taco Bell has been partnering with Microsoft to give away Xboxes for several years now, but never before have the two companies taken a more synergistic approach to this partnership.

With the newest Taco Bell giveaway—which requires you to buy a Double Chalupa Box—you don’t just get the opportunity to win an Xbox. Oh no, it’s a special Xbox. A one-of-a-kind Xbox One that makes the Taco Bell “bell” sound at startup. Damn.

Seriously, that’s some next level marketing here. You won’t be able to buy this Xbox anywhere else, because it’s only for (and from!) Taco Bell. The promotion starts tomorrow, where the Bell will give away one console every 10 minutes between October 18th and November 21st. That’s a lot of custom Taco Bell Xbox Ones.

If you win, you’ll also get an Xbox Elite controller and three months of Xbox Game Pass and Live Gold, you lucky dog.

Xbox via The Verge

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The Essential Gear for Winter Cycling

One of the biggest complaints I hear about cycling in cold weather is “I don’t know what to wear.” Overheating in cold weather is one of the worst things you can do, but being cold is equally awful. Here’s how to strike a balance.

You don’t want to freeze the entire time, but you also don’t want to overheat (or worse, soak your clothes in sweat). So, what gear do you really need when it comes to cycling on cold weather? Let’s take a look.

If the temp is above 70, there’s really no reason to add anything to your normal kit. A jersey and bibs or shorts, and normal socks should do the trick. No need to get complicated or overthink things here!

As temperatures drop, however, you’ll need to start adding things. Just keep one thing in mind: it’s easy to remove or add layers while on the bike, so dress (or take gear) for the coldest part of your ride. There’s nothing worse than starting in the mid-60s and riding into the evening only to have the temperature drop 15 degrees once the sun goes down, leaving you much colder than you’d like to be.

You also need to think about how you dress. Cycling is an interesting sport, because your lower half is constantly moving and working hard, while your upper body remains mostly stationary. That means your torso tends to get colder than your legs, which can, in turn, make the rest of your body cold, too.

So when it comes to staying warm, start with your core and move outward. A warm core will help keep the rest of your body warm, because the blood pumped from your heart is warmer, which transfers to the rest of your body. So start with your core, and add gear as the temperatures get lower.

Gear in the 60s: Full-Fingered Gloves, Base Layer Top, and Hat

As the temperatures drop below 70, you’ll likely want to start adding some layers to keep you cozy—especially if you plan on riding into the evening or night.

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